Measure resistance by comparison

According to Ohm's law, current through a conductor and the potential difference between it's end are proportional. The constant of proportionality is called the resistance. Mathematically R = (V)/(I). When two resistors are connected in series, the current will be same through both. I = (V1)/(R1) = (V2)/(R2). if the value of one resistance and the voltage across both are known, the other resistance can be calculated from R1 = R2 × (V1)/(V2)


Find the value of an unknown resistance by comparing it with a known resistance, using the equations given above. Assume R1 is the unknown resistance and R2 is 1000Ω



Current I = (VA1)/(R2) and R1 can be calculated using R1 = (VPV1 − VA1)/(I).

Ohm's law in AC circuits

It can be easily shown that this measurement can be done using AC also. We will use both A1 and A2 inputs here.

Taking voltage reading from the picture below, I = (1.92)/(1000) and R1 = (3.01 − 1.92)/(0.00192) = 576.7



In this measurements we have made the assumption that no current flows in to A1 and A2. This is not true, they both have an input impedance of 1MΩ . This will matter when we use resistance values of mega Ohms range. To illustrate this connect WG to A1 using a wire and the same signal to A2 through a 1MΩ resistor. Try to explain the results using Ohm's law.